Carolyn Koh

William K. Coors Distinguished Professor, Chemical and Biological Engineering

Carolyn KohNatural gas hydrates are crystalline inclusion compounds, which are capable of hosting small molecules inside the cages of a hydrogen-bonded water framework. Hydrates of natural gas present a potential hazard to the oil and gas industries when they form in subsea oil/gas flowlines. On the other hand, they also have technological importance in energy recovery, transportation and storage. We have recently demonstrated (Science 2004) that hydrogen molecules can be stored in binary H2/THF (tetrahydrofuran) clathrate hydrates at pressures nearly two orders of magnitude lower than that in pure hydrogen hydrates. This decreased pressure makes binary clathrate hydrates a potentially feasible hydrogen storage material, with a unique combination of advantages not found in any other class of materials.

The ultimate goal of our research is to advance our understanding of the nucleation, crystallization, and agglomeration mechanisms for natural gas hydrates. The results will have immediate relevance to flow assurance in gas/oil flowlines, and energy transportation and storage. Specifically we are aiming to (a) develop molecular-scale models of the aqueous structures which occur in solution immediately prior to and during the growth of gas hydrates, (b) investigate the effects of inhibitor and promoter molecules on these local structures, and, (c) using these data, identify possible pathways which may occur in the process of hydrate formation. This program combines microscopic (vibrational spectroscopy and neutron diffraction coupled to computer simulations) and macroscopic measurements (differential scanning calorimetry) to provide mechanistic information on hydrate nucleation, growth, and decomposition. The different methods help assure correct interpretation of the measurements and provide a solid foundation for accurate model development.

Education

  • BSc (First Class Hons.), PhD – University of W. London, U.K.
  • Post-Doctoral Study – Cornell University
  • Experience Abroad – Reader, King’s College, University of London, U.K.

Selected Publications

  • Z. M. Aman, K. Olcott, K. Pfeiffer, E. D. Sloan, A. K. Sum, and C. A. Koh, “Surfactant Adsorption and Interfacial Tension Investigations on Cyclopentane Hydrate,” Langmuir, 29 (8), 2676-2682 (2013). [doi: 10.1021/la3048714]
  • Z. A. Aman, S. Joshi, E. D. Sloan, A. K. Sum, and C. A. Koh, “Micromechanical Cohesion Force Measurements to Determine Cyclopentane Hydrate Interfacial Properties,” Journal of Colloid & Interface Science, 376 (1), 283-288 (2012). [doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2012.03.019]
  • C. A. Koh, E. D. Sloan, A. K. Sum, and D. T. Wu, “Fundamentals and Applications of Gas Hydrates,” Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, 2, 237-257 (2011). Invited. [doi: 10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-061010-114152]
  • M. R. Walsh, C. A. Koh, E. D. Sloan, A. K. Sum, and D. T. Wu, “Microsecond Simulation of Spontaneous Methane Hydrate Nucleation and Growth,” Science, 326 (5956), 1095-1098 (2009). [doi: 10.1126/science.1174010]
  • Sloan, E.D. and Koh, C.A., “Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases”, 3rd Edition, Taylor & Francis/CRC Press (2008) – “3rd Edition of a Bestseller” quoted from CRC Press Publishers (720 pages in Length).
  • L.J. Florusse, C.J. Peters, J. Schoonman, K.C. Hester, C.A. Koh, S.F. Dec, K. Marsh, E.D. Sloan, “Molecular Clusters of H2 Stored in Binary Clathrate Hydrates at Near Ambient T & P”. Science, 2004, 306, 469-471. [DOI: 10.1126/science.1102076]

Google Scholar Citations Page

Honors and Awards

  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Young Scientist Award and Medal of the British Association for Crystal Growth
  • Visiting Professor appointments have been held at Cornell University, Penn State University, London University
  • National Academies, National Research Council Committee Member on Methane Hydrates
  • Young Faculty Research Excellence Award, Colorado School of Mines, 2012
  • CSM Order of Omega Teacher of the Year, 2012
  • CSM Outstanding Faculty Member Award, Senior Class, 2013
  • The National Society of Leadership & Success – Excellence to Students Award, CSM Chapter, 2013

Contact

452 Alderson Hall
1613 Illinois Street
Golden, CO 80401
Office: (303) 273-3237
FAX: (303) 273-3730
ckoh@mines.edu

Research Group

  • Dr. Bo Ram Lee, Pohang University of Science & Technology, Pohang (POSTECH), Korea
  • Dr. Lakshmi Krishna, Michigan Tech. University, MI
  • Dr. Litao Chen, China University of Petroleum, Beijing, China
  • Dr. Govind Hegde, Texas Tech University, TX
  • Dr. Parag Adhangale, University of Tennessee, TN
  • Dr. Minjun Cha, The City College of New York, NY
  • Piyush Chaudhari, Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India
  • Giovanny Grasso, Universidad de los Andes, Merida, Venezuela
  • Erika Brown, Colorado School of Mines
  • Muhammad Naveed Khan, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore
  • Ahmad Afif Abdul Majid, University of Michigan, MI
  • Prithvi Vijayamohan, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX
  • Zach Ward, Colorado School of Mines

Center for Hydrate Research